Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought.
- Pope John Paul II
Early in life we develop an initial belief about ourselves and a compensation for that self-belief.
Type 1 Initial Self-Belief: “I am unacceptable as I am.”
Type 1 Compensation: "I must monitor, correct, and improve myself in order to be acceptable and remain above criticism."
Over time this gets generalized beyond the self into a core focus that also shapes how we perceive and interact with the world at large.
Type 1 Core Focus: Acceptability comes from doing things right and acting appropriately according to internalized standards for what that is. This requires I discern what’s right and monitor, correct, and improve my behavior so I don’t fall short of these standards. Others should do the same.
Personality characteristics that might arise from the type 1 core focus include:
The wings are represented by the numbers on either side of a given type as seen on the Enneagram symbol or diagram. These types are said to have an additional influence upon the type being looked at. The wing types for type 1 are type 9 and type 2.
Although type 1 is influenced by both wings, an individual will generally be influenced more by one of the wings than the other. The wing with more influence is said to be the preferred or dominant wing.
1 wing 9 (1w9) - preferred 9 wing
Common Name: The Idealist
1 wing 2 (1w2) - preferred 2 wing
Common Name: The Advocate
Below are samplings from some popular or well-known Enneagram authors. Click on the sources after the descriptions to further explore these interpretations.
The One with a Nine-Wing: The Idealist
They wish to improve things but with a gentler, more detached touch than other Ones. They can be more remote, otherworldly, and impersonal than the other subtype, potentially disdainful, elitist, and condescending to their fellow humans.1
The One with a Two-Wing: The Advocate
People of this subtype are persuasive and go out of their way to get others to care about the causes and beliefs they espouse. They are also more fiery and action-oriented than the other subtype, and so the possibility of being frustrated by people and events is higher.1
One with a Nine Wing (1w9): More aloof and intellectual, these Ones are often motivated by philosophical ideals. When balanced, they command an impartial sense of justice.2
One with a Two Wing (1w2): More active and interpersonal, these Ones’ principles tend to be more directly involved with people. The desire to help reinforces their desire for change.2
Ones with a Nine wing may be more relaxed, react less quickly, and enjoy nature’s perfection.3
Ones with a Two wing may be more generous and gregarious and may focus their work on helping people.3
Ones with a Nine wing (1w9) tend to be more introverted, detached and relaxed. More idealistic and objective, they are often more circumspect, thinking before they speak to avoid saying something wrong or erroneous.4
Ones with a Two wing (1w2) are more extroverted, warm, helpful and empathetic on the high side of Two, but they can be more critical and controlling on the low side of Two. Unlike Twos, however, they don’t feel an irrepressible urge to meet those needs.4
Ones with a more developed Nine wing tend to be cooler, more relaxed, objective, and detached.5
Ones with a more developed Two wing tend to be warmer, more helpful, critical, and controlling.5
One With a 9 Wing
Ones with this wing can have an aura of Nine-like calm although eruptions of temper are possible. Often have a detached quality and can be mistaken for Fives.6
One With a 2 Wing
This wing generally brings more interpersonal warmth. High standards are tempered by humanism. May understand and partly forgive humanity for not doing its best.6
To learn more about the basic type 1 or one of the wing types click on a link below.
The wing types of an Enneagram type are the types on either side of a type as seen on the Enneagram symbol.
Although both the wing types have an influence on the type between them, one wing type is often preferred over the other.
This preferred wing type has a stronger influence than the non-preferred wing type and creates a variation of the type (e.g., 9w8 vs. 9w1).
Enneagram Type with Wing Test
This is a very short test that determines your most likely type and preferred wing.
Select from paragraphs, similar to the method used by the
Essential Enneagram Test as found in The Essential Enneagram book.
Use when you want to know your type and preferred wing.
Enneagram Type Preference Test
This test produces a scored list of all nine types.
Questions are forced-choice, similar to the method used by the Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indictor (RHETI).
Use to determine type, wings, gut/heart/head types, and tri-center.
Enneagram Wing Comparison Test
This test compares the two wings of any type, producing a score for each wing.
Use when you know your type but not your preferred wing.
Enneagram Type Comparison Test
This test compares any two types, producing a score for each.
Use when not sure which of two types is your primary type and which is your preferred wing type.