What's often not made clear when looking at where the Enneagram types came from is that the Enneagram symbol and the Enneagram types have separate histories. The Enneagram symbol begins with G.I. Gurdjieff, but the Enneagram personality types begin with Oscar Ichazo and Claudio Naranjo.
Although Gurjieff was purported to learn of the symbol from a Sufi brotherhood, the first record of the Enneagram symbol as it appears today comes from the writings of Gurdjieff and the Fourth Way.
The first record of the types as they appear today come from the teachings of Claudio Naranjo. Naranjo's personality types, which he called enneatypes, evolved from Oscar Ichazo's teachings of proto-analysis.
There has been a good deal of speculation over the years linking the Enneagram types to more ancient teachings, but it's just that, speculation.
You may hear that the Enneagram is an ancient system of understanding personality. That's very misleading. A more accurate way to state it is that elements of the Enneagram types may have been borrowed from some older, even ancient, traditions.
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