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Enneagram Type 4 Traits: Claudio Naranjo's Enneatype IV


Today's Enneagram personality types originated with Claudio Naranjo's enneatypes. Most, if not all, Enneagram type teachers learned of the personality types directly or indirectly from Naranjo.

What follows is the trait structure for type 4 as outlined in Naranjo's books Ennea-type Structures and Character and Neurosis.

Enneatype IV
Seeking Happiness through Pain - Envy and the Masochistic Personality

  • Envy
  • Poor Self-Image
  • Focus on Suffering
  • "Moving Toward"
  • Nurturance
  • Emotionality
  • Competitive Arrogance
  • Refinement
  • Artistic Interests
  • Strong Superego

Enneagram Guide

This page is part of the Enneagram Guide available on this website. For more information about any particular Enneagram type or the many concepts and origins/history of the Enneagram types visit the Enneagram Guide main page.