The Nine Types

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The Nine Types


Although popularly the nine Enneagram types are described as nine types of personality and can be used that way, they actually point to something underneath personality. Two people of the same dominant type will not have the same personality. They'll have a similar type of focus organizing their experience and approach to life. This combines with many other influences upon personality that may or may not be unique to an individual. However, the overall combination of personality influences will be unique for each individual and thus personality will also be unique. As such, Enneagram type as expressed through personality will look different for each individual.

Some descriptions use personality characteristics and behavioral traits to describe Enneagram type. Those kinds of descriptions may not always fit because each person expresses type uniquely. The Enneagram User Guide book series introduces nine types of focus at work underneath personality to emphasize the type experience from within instead of trying to describe how it would look externally through personality. The diagram above shows one aspect of that core focus for each type.The links below offer information on how various teachers and authors describe the types.

More details about the nine types and the core focus of each type can be found in the Enneagram User Guide series of books. Each book explores the core focus as relevant to the book purpose. Check the home page for the latest information about the availability of the books and related projects.

Related Resources

Discuss the nine Enneagram types in the Enneagram Discussion Forums.

Type Labels

(click on the author's name for more about that author's interpretation of that type)

Type 1

Angry Virtue

The Perfectionist

The Reformer

The Critic

The Achiever

The Good Person

Perfectionist, Reformer, Judge, Crusader or Critic

The Program of Perfection with Resentment

Style One


Type 2

Egocentric Generosity

The Giver

The Helper

The Loving Person

Giver, Caretaker, Helper, Nurturer, Advisor or Manipulator

The Program of Helpfulness with Manipulation

Style Two


Type 3

Success through Appearances

The Performer

The Achiever

The Succeeder

The Effective Person

Performer, Motivator, Achiever, Producer or Status Seeker

The Program of Achievement with Emphasis on Image

Style Three


Type 4

Seeking Happiness through Pain

The Romantic

The Individualist

The Original Person

Individualist, Artist, Over-Analyzer, Mystic or Melodramatic Elitist

The Program of Excellence with Moody Nostalgia

Style Four


Type 5

Seeking Wholeness through Isolation

The Observer

The Investigator

The Wise Person

Observer, Investigator, Thinker, Sage or Voyeur

The Program of Knowledge with Withdrawal

Style Five


Type 6

The Persecuted Persecutor

The Loyal Skeptic

The Loyalist

The Questioner

The Guardian

The Loyal Person

Loyal Person, Devil's Advocate, Skeptic, Guardian or Rebel

The Program of Security with Fear and Doubt

Style Six


Type 7

Opportunistic Idealism

The Epicure

The Enthusiast

The Adventurer

The Dreamer

The Joyful Person

Epicure, Entertainer, Optimist, Adventurer or Rationalizer

The Program of Easy Optimism with Uneasy Activity

Style Seven


Type 8

Coming on Strong

The Protector

The Challenger

The Asserter

The Boss

The Confronter

The Powerful Person

Leader, Solution Master, Maverick, Protector or Intimidator

The Program of Self-Defined Justice with Arrogance

Style Eight


Type 9

Going with the Stream

The Mediator

The Peacemaker

The Preservationist

The Peaceful Person

Peacemaker, Mediator, Naturalist, Accommodator or Abdicator

The Program of Non-aggression with Indolence and Indecision

Style Nine